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While successful far-right militant attacks have decreased in 2020, Europe continues to see significant levels of radicalization. Far-right extremists are capitalizing on COVID-19-related grievances, infiltrating anti-lockdown protests and rallies in an attempt to become more visible and push their agenda. Travel to Europe may continue while maintaining vigilance for militant-related activity.

On December 10, US President Donald Trump announced that Morocco and Israel have agreed to normalize relations, adding to a growing trend of Arab states establishing official ties with Jerusalem. He also proclaimed that the US recognizes Morocco’s sovereignty over Western Sahara, this may increase tensions in the region.

President John Magufuli’s first term in office has been characterized by the expansion and reliance on authoritarian policies, using the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party’s surveillance and patronage networks to consolidate support for Magufuli within the party as well as crack down on the political opposition and activists.